How to install a OpenVPN System Based On User/Password Authentication with mysql & Day Control (libpam-mysql)

Source Page: http://sysadmin.compxtreme.ro/how-to-install-a-openvpn-system-based-on-userpassword-authentication-with-mysql-day-control-libpam-mysql/

I have added some notes through the article.

here comes the article:

This document describes how to install a OpenVPN server with User/Password authentication with mysql and day control using libpam-mysql. This will be a brief, but a very practical document.

Install mysql server

apt-get install mysql-server

Create a mysql user and a database to be used later

Create user

mysql -u root -p
CREATE DATABASE openvpn;
USE openvpn;

create database

CREATE USER 'openvpn'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'lNPg5TAIy82zFpEn';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON `openvpn`.* TO 'openvpn'@'localhost';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

Create user table

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `user` (
    `user_id` varchar(32) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci NOT NULL,
    `user_pass` varchar(32) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci NOT NULL DEFAULT '1234',
    `user_mail` varchar(64) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci DEFAULT NULL,
    `user_phone` varchar(16) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci DEFAULT NULL,
    `user_start_date` date NOT NULL,
    `user_end_date` date NOT NULL,
    `user_online` enum('yes','no') NOT NULL DEFAULT 'no',
    `user_enable` enum('yes','no') NOT NULL DEFAULT 'yes',
PRIMARY KEY (`user_id`),
KEY `user_pass` (`user_pass`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 COLLATE=utf8_unicode_ci;

Create log table

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `log` (
    `log_id` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
    `user_id` varchar(32) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci NOT NULL,
    `log_trusted_ip` varchar(32) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci DEFAULT NULL,
    `log_trusted_port` varchar(16) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci DEFAULT NULL,
    `log_remote_ip` varchar(32) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci DEFAULT NULL,
    `log_remote_port` varchar(16) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci DEFAULT NULL,
    `log_start_time` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP,
    `log_end_time` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
    `log_received` float NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
    `log_send` float NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
PRIMARY KEY (`log_id`),
KEY `user_id` (`user_id`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM  DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 COLLATE=utf8_unicode_ci;

Install OpenVPN

apt-get install openvpn

Generate keys

apt-get install openssl

Copy certificate generate file from example

cp -R /usr/share/doc/openvpn/examples/easy-rsa /etc/openvpn/.
cd /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/2.0/

Replace some options (I have no idea why author want to do this)

sed -i -e 's/--interact //g' build-key

search and replace the following values in /etc/openvpn/easy-keys/2.0/vars

vim vars
export KEY_SIZE=2048

export KEY_COUNTRY="SE"
export KEY_PROVINCE="SE"
export KEY_CITY="STOCKHOLM"
export KEY_ORG="Company Name"
export KEY_EMAIL="email@example.org"
export KEY_CN=vpn.example.org
export KEY_NAME=operations
export KEY_OU=operations
export PKCS11_MODULE_PATH=changeme
export PKCS11_PIN=1234

save and exit

Disable unqiue subject

sed -i -e 's/unique_subject = yes/unique_subject = no/g' /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/2.0/keys/index.txt.attr

Start to bulid certificates

source ./vars
./clean-all
./build-ca
./build-key-server vpn.example.org
./build-dh
cp -a keys /etc/openvpn/.

Install libpam-mysql and setup pam authentication based on it

apt-get install libpam-mysql

Add a new file inside pam

touch /etc/pam.d/openvpn

Paste the following content into the file we just created

auth sufficient pam_mysql.so user=openvpn passwd=lNPg5TAIy82zFpEn host=localhost db=openvpn [table=user] usercolumn=user.user_id passwdcolumn=user.user_pass [where=user.user_enable=1 AND user.user_start_date!=user.user_end_date AND TO_DAYS(now()) >= TO_DAYS(user.user_start_date) AND (TO_DAYS(now()) <= TO_DAYS(user.user_end_date) OR user.user_end_date='0000-00-00')] sqllog=0 crypt=0
account required pam_mysql.so user=openvpn passwd=lNPg5TAIy82zFpEn host=localhost db=openvpn [table=user] usercolumn=user.user_id passwdcolumn=user.user_pass [where=user.user_enable=1 AND user.user_start_date!=user.user_end_date AND TO_DAYS(now()) >= TO_DAYS(user.user_start_date) AND (TO_DAYS(now()) <= TO_DAYS(user.user_end_date) OR user.user_end_date='0000-00-00')] sqllog=0 crypt=0

Create scripts to log OpenVPN access activity

mkdir /etc/openvpn/scripts/ && cd $_

Create the following file

vim /etc/openvpn/scripts/config.sh
#!/bin/bash
##Dababase Server
HOST='127.0.0.1'
#Default port = 3306
PORT='3306'
#Username
USER='openvpn'
#Password
PASS='lNPg5TAIy82zFpEn'
#database name
DB='openvpn'
vim /etc/openvpn/scripts/connect.sh
#!/bin/bash
. /etc/openvpn/scripts/config.sh
##insert data connection to table log
mysql -h$HOST -P$PORT -u$USER -p$PASS $DB -e "INSERT INTO log (log_id,user_id,log_trusted_ip,log_trusted_port,log_remote_ip,log_remote_port,log_start_time,log_end_time,log_received,log_send) VALUES(NULL,'$common_name','$trusted_ip','$trusted_port','$ifconfig_pool_remote_ip','$remote_port_1',now(),'0000-00-00 00:00:00','$bytes_received','$bytes_sent')"
##set status online to user connected
mysql -h$HOST -P$PORT -u$USER -p$PASS $DB -e "UPDATE user SET user_online='yes' WHERE user_id='$common_name'"
vim /etc/openvpn/scripts/disconnect.sh
#!/bin/bash
. /etc/openvpn/scripts/config.sh
##set status offline to user disconnected
mysql -h$HOST -P$PORT -u$USER -p$PASS $DB -e "UPDATE user SET user_online='no' WHERE user_id='$common_name'"
##insert data disconnected to table log
mysql -h$HOST -P$PORT -u$USER -p$PASS $DB -e "UPDATE log SET log_end_time=now(),log_received='$bytes_received',log_send='$bytes_sent' WHERE log_trusted_ip='$trusted_ip' AND log_trusted_port='$trusted_port' AND user_id='$common_name' AND log_end_time='0000-00-00 00:00:00'"

Change the permission of the files we just created

chmod 755 /etc/openvpn/scripts/*.sh

Create the password file for accessing OpenVPN management interface via telnet

echo "wYYoFlaQa8nGQoO8" > /etc/openvpn/pw-management-file
chmod 600 /etc/openvpn/pw-management-file

Configure OpenVPN

vim /etc/openvpn/vpn.example.org.conf
##general settings
port 1194
proto udp
dev tun

##keys
ca /etc/openvpn/keys/ca.crt
cert /etc/openvpn/keys/vpn.example.org.crt
key /etc/openvpn/keys/vpn.example.org.key
dh /etc/openvpn/keys/dh2048.pem

##FIXME: ip for the clients
server 10.0.1.0 255.255.255.0
ifconfig-pool-persist ipp.txt
##FIXME: routes pushed to the client
push "route 172.16.1.0 255.255.255.0"
push "route 10.0.0.0 255.0.0.0"
push "route 195.248.229.19 255.255.255.255"

##Auth
comp-lzo
user nobody
#group nogroup
client-to-client
#client-cert-not-required
username-as-common-name

##user/pass auth from mysql
plugin /usr/lib/openvpn/openvpn-auth-pam.so openvpn

##script connect-disconnect
script-security 3 system
client-connect /etc/openvpn/scripts/connect.sh
client-disconnect /etc/openvpn/scripts/disconnect.sh

##management
management localhost 1194 pw-management-file

keepalive 10 120
persist-key
persist-tun
status status.log
verb 3

Start OpenVPN

/etc/init.d/openvpn start

Note: I also created a script to manage OpenVPN users. If you would like to have it, please post a comment.
Note2: feel free to use my user management script! I am pretty sure it has a lot of bugs and things to improve!!! Use it on your own risk!

the 2 notes are written by original author.

vsftpd配置大全

人来疯技术文档之vsftp配置大全
人来疯 adminxu
人来疯论坛 http://www.d-1701.com/bbs
MSN:xu1701@hotmail.com

版权信息:未经许可不得转载,转载本文章请与人来疯论坛坛主adminxu联系!
联系方法:使用msn
环境:
RedHat AS4
说明:
如果不做说明,一般安装命令均使用ROOT权限,用 # 表示

特别说明:无

以下文章介绍Liunx 环境下vsftpd的三种实现方法

一、前言

Vsftp(Very Secure FTP)是一种在Unix/Linux中非常安全且快速稳定的FTP服务器,目前已经被许多大型站点所采用,如ftp.redhat.com,ftp.kde.org,ftp.gnome.org.等。Vsftpd的实现有三种方式

  1. 匿名用户形式:在默认安装的情况下,系统只提供匿名用户访问
  2. 本地用户形式:以/etc/passwd中的用户名为认证方式
  3. 虚拟用户形式:支持将用户名和口令保存在数据库文件或数据库服务器中。相对于FTP的本地用户形式来说,虚拟用户只是FTP服务器的专有用户,虚拟用户只能访问FTP服务器所提供的资源,这大大增强系统本身的安全性。相对于匿名用户而言,虚拟用户需要用户名和密码才能获取FTP服务器中的文件,增加了对用户和下载的可管理性。对于需要提供下载服务,但又不希望所有人都可以匿名下载;既需要对下载用户进行管理,又考虑到主机安全和管理方便的FTP站点来说,虚拟用户是一种极好的解决方案。

    二、获取最新版的Vsftp程序

    Vsftp官方下载:ftp://vsftpd.beasts.org/users/cevans/vsftpd-2.0.3.tar.gz,目前已经到2.0.3版本。假设我们已经将vsftpd-2.0.3.tar.gz文件下载到服务器的/home/xuchen目录

    # cd /home/xuchen
    # tar xzvf vsftpd-2.0.3.tar.gz //解压缩程序
    # cd vsftpd-2.0.3

    Read More »